Montezuma
The MONTEZUMA was a 3-masted, square-rigged ship, built in New York in 1843 by the shipbuilding firm of Webb & Allen for the Black Ball Line of packets between New York and Liverpool. 924 tons; 162' x 35' 8" x 21' (length x beam x depth of hold). Unusually for her time, she was painted with dummy gun ports, like a Blackwall frigate. She served in the Black Ball Line until she was wrecked on Jones Beach, Long Island, on 18 May 1854, on a voyage from Liverpool to New York, carrying almost 500 immigrant passengers; by efficient work, all passengers and crew were saved. The MONTEZUMA was one of the fastest packets of her day, her westbound passages averaging 34 days, with her fastest passage being 27 days, and her slowest being 57 days [Robert Greenhalgh Albion, Square-riggers on Schedule; The New York Sailing Packets to England, France, and the Cotton Ports (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1938), pp. 198, 225, 276].
Citation: [Posted to the Emigration-Ships Mailing List by Michael Palmer - 19 November 1997]